HOW DOES SAW PALMETTO WORK: INHIBITION OF GROWTH FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR STIMULATION OF PROSTATE TISSUE
In addition to the above mentioned possibilities involved in the growth of the prostate gland, a number of growth factors previously mentioned have a role to play in BPH. These include epidermal growth factor (EGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), and others. SP may play a role in the function of these growth factors.
And More Ways
There may be other ways that extracts from SP could influence the prostate gland. These include:
Preventing the action of the hormone prolactin from stimulating prostatic growth. Prolactin is a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland in the brain. It is best known for stimulating the secretion of milk and possibly, during pregnancy, stimulating breast growth. Preventing inflammation of prostate cells by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins and arachidonic acid. Prostaglandins are a class of biologically active substances present in many tissues (first found in genital fluids and prostate gland, hence the name) that mediate inflammatory and immune reactions. Arachidonic acid is a precursor to prostaglandins and is involved in inflammation. These factors may be of importance since it is believed that inflammation of the prostate sometimes precedes the hormonally induced proliferation of prostate tissue. In one study conducted on rodents, a lipid extract from SP was able to have relaxing effects on the rat uterus. It is interesting to note that, in the 1800s, some women were given SP berries for certain gynecological problems, including painful periods. Painful periods can sometimes result from spasms of the uterine muscle tissue. Is there a connection? How this information can be translated into practical human terms is currently unknown. Since part of the symptoms of prostate enlargement are due to muscle spasm around the bladder neck, decreasing the flow from the bladder, could reducing the spasms improve the flow of urine? This possibility is purely theoretical and based on minimal evidence. However, it's interesting to keep in mind that perhaps, in the future, we will find SP extracts to have other medical benefits in both men and women. Compounds within SP may have other influences on our physiology that we currently are not aware.
Dr. Jerry McLaughlin, from Purdue University, has another thought. He tells me, "We have found that certain monoacylglycerides in SP have the ability to be incorporated into cell membranes and break open the cell membrane, thus killing the cell. Since many of these monoacylglycerides are specific for prostate cells, could [the] shrinking of the prostate gland be due to [the] destruction of prostate cells [by the monoacylglycerides in SP]?"
Men's Health Erectile Dysfunction
MAINTAINING A GOOD SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP
As superfluous as it may appear, it is nonetheless important to mention at the outset of this discussion the fundamental significance of a clean and attractive body to successful sexual interaction. Sex appeal is most certainly not confined to the marriage bed; it exists between the partners at all times, and should be carefully nurtured. By attractiveness, facial and bodily handsomeness is not implied; rather, attractiveness means scrupulous cleanliness of body and clothing, and taking the greatest advantage possible of all the physical endowments that nature has seen fit to bestow on each of us. Not everyone can be beautiful, but there is no excuse for anyone's not being attractively neat and clean at all times.
A man who is overweight, chronically unshaven and slovenly dressed, and whose breath reeks of tobacco or alcohol, can hardly expect to be considered a desirable bed partnereven after a session with shower, toothbrush, and razor later in the evening because his wife's memories of his earlier unattractiveness will simply detract from the excitement of the experience. Similarly, a woman who neglects to make up her face, sits around home in bathrobe and curlers, allows herself to become significantly overweight or underweight, permits even faint urine, vaginal, or underarm odors to emanate, or does not often shave her legs and underarms is setting the stage for a loss of respect, admiration, and even love; sexual failure cannot then be far behind.
Certainly before joining each other in bed, whether or not sexual activities are anticipated, each spouse should see to it that he has at least a clean body, fresh breath, and neat, attractive nightclothes. To do otherwise is to deny to the marriage bed one of the basic ingredients for a happy sex life.
The sense of smell is almost as important in sexual stimulation as the sense of sight is. There is a physiological relationship between the tissues of the nose and of the sex organs, as was described earlier. Conditioning factors also are frequently present in the relationship between the sense of smell and sexuality. During courtship, for example, the faint scent of a girl's perfume or of a man's after-shave lotion may become associated with their love and subsequent sexual arousal. After marriage, the same pleasant scent may well serve to reestablish the excitement that developed in the atmosphere of courtship. Conditioning quite naturally involves many sensory elements other than smell. Almost any occurrence during the period of courtship that forms an association with love and passion can later be woven advantageously into the fabric of the couple's sexual interaction.
The qualities of courtesy, kindness, and sensitivity to the needs and desires of others are fundamental to all successful human relationships; most particularly are they vital to sexual associations. Bearing in mind the differences in individual needs and desires, it is incumbent upon each person to discover what, precisely, offers the greatest pleasure to his partner in the sexual relationship. Genuine efforts to incorporate these discoveries into one's technique of sexual approach must be made before one may expect complete emotional fulfillment. For example, some partners prefer the conversation during sexual activity to be quite earthy, even to the point that the expressions used would be vulgar under other circumstances. Another couple might be shocked by such utterances, preferring to speak to one another softly in tender and loving words.
Pace, as well as style, is also a matter of individual taste. However, it is ordinarily wisest to proceed slowly and gently, with the goal in mind of bringing gratification to the partner rather than hurrying to satisfy one's own needs. One should not hesitate, furthermore, even to sacrifice one's own present fulfillment altogether if it means giving greater pleasure to the spouse; not only is it a generous and loving thing to do, but it will assuredly pay handsome dividends later. The best, and certainly the least stressful, way for each partner to determine the specific amatory desires of the other is to open wide the doors of candid communication. Neither partner is clairvoyant, and an inadvertently offensive gesture or clumsiness might impede the present response, and inhibit response in similar circumstances at a future time.
Variations in sexual approach and in the settings can add considerable spice to marriage. Too often sexual acts become ritualized, stale, and unimaginative, engaged in only to provide relief to physical urgency. Couples who wish to preserve delight and vigor in their sexual interaction will work as consistently on this aspect of their marriage as on any other. A husband who impulsively sweeps his wife into his arms in the middle of a happy afternoon and carries her off to the bedroom and makes wild love to her, or the couple who occasionally has sexual intercourse while taking a shower, or the wife who surprises her husband by appearing in his study wearing nothing but a smile and two cold, very dry Martinisthese couples are not likely to find sex dull, even after years of marriage. The playing of soft music, using mirrors to observe closely the intimacies of the sex act, perusing sensuous literature and art: all these can help keep boredom out of the bedroom.128 Men and women both want variety in their sexual lives; and if this ideal is reached within their marriage, there is considerably less likelihood that either husband or wife will seek it elsewhere. Imagination and willingness to experiment, coupled with an air of confidence and consideration, will serve most marriages very well.
Men's Health Erectile Dysfunction